Maya means “that which is not.” It refers to the Supreme Person’s energy of illusion, which makes us think our temporary body, which is a product of the material world, is the same as our eternal, spiritual self, the atma within the body. When we’re under maya‘s influence, the attractive things in this world—wealth, fame, the opposite sex—appear real and desirable to us. We think we should be able to enjoy and control them, as we like. But really, everything here is under the control of time, and none of these temporary things can bring us lasting happiness.
Everything about Krishna, the Supreme Person, is completely spiritual. He always has been and always will be the supreme controller and enjoyer. But when we want to enjoy or control separately from Him—as if we were God ourselves—everything then appears to us as material, non-spiritual, separate from God, and exploitable. What we see then is maya, illusion, because in reality nothing is separate from the Absolute Truth, the Supreme Person, Krishna.
“When [the] Hare Krishna mantra is vibrating on your tongue, and you are hearing attentively, then your consciousness becomes clear, or Krishna conscious, and there is no question of Maya.”
This entire world can be either material or spiritual, depending how we choose to see it. If we see it as Krishna’s energy, and meant to be used in His service, then it can be as good as the spiritual world, and we can be completely happy. But if we see it as our private playground, then the world loses its spiritual quality for us. All we see then is dull matter—which we can never completely enjoy—and we become frustrated and depressed.
(The image is a well-known ambiguous optical illusion entitled, “My Wife and My Mother-In Law.” The person in the picture can be seen either as a young woman or an old woman.)
We like to quote our sources. This page is based on the following:
- Srimad-Bhagavatam, 10.14.22: “Therefore this entire universe, which like a dream is by nature unreal, nevertheless appears real, and thus it covers one’s consciousness and assails one with repeated miseries. This universe appears real because it is manifested by the potency of illusion emanating from You [Krishna], whose unlimited transcendental forms are full of eternal happiness and knowledge.”
- Bhagavad-gita, 7.14: “This divine energy of Mine, consisting of the three modes of material nature, is difficult to overcome. But those who have surrendered unto Me can easily cross beyond it.”
- Srimad-Bhagavatam, 11.3.35, Purport: “Since Krishna is always engaged in His blissful pastimes in the company of His eternally liberated associates, He is aloof from the affairs of this world, which is created by His external potency, known as maya.”
- Srimad-Bhagavatam, 1.11.3, Purport: “The whole material existence is full of problems, and thus the fear problem is always prominent. This is due to our association with the illusory energy of the Lord, known as maya or external energy, yet all fear is vanished as soon as there is the sound of the Lord, represented by His holy name, as it was sounded by Lord Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu in the following sixteen words: Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare
Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare“
- Srimad-Bhagavatam, 3.5.25: “The Lord is the seer, and the external energy, which is seen, works as both cause and effect in the cosmic manifestation. . . this external energy is known as maya or illusion, and through her agency only is the entire material manifestation made possible.”
- Further reading: Srimad-Bhagavatam: Liberation From The Illusory Energy
– How to get free from maya‘s bewildering influence.